The First Earthly Illustration of Forgiveness with Eschatological Significance

The First Earthly Illustration of Forgiveness There are many landmark moments in the history of our world that change the way civilization operates from that point forward. A few examples include the discovery of penicillin, X-rays; the smallpox vaccine; discovery of the genetic code, the first flight, electricity; light bulbs, and the telephone. There is… Read more »

An “eye for and eye” explained

What does the expression “An eye for an eye” mean? I will begin with some of the Jewish texts that explain this passage and concept, and then I will provide an explanation beyond the Jewish sources. The answer begins with the fact that understanding the Bible requires more than reading one verse in order to… Read more »

Why did Yahshua Die?

Largely, those professing Christians have bought into the perception that Yahshua was a passive, even timid man. Many distorting such verses as “turn the other cheek” to support this hypothesis. However, careful reading of the Scriptures opposes this characterization. In Matthew 10:34 we are told by Yahshua Himself, and I quote: “Think not that I… Read more »

No Covenant for a ”Gentile Church”

This paper is based on G-d’s truth as given in His Word, and the reader with the Set-Apart Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) as his witness will have to determine if he accepts it.To insure ease of reading, all scripture has been included for the reader’s convenience in determining the accuracy of the thesis presented. I… Read more »

Tabernacle & Sacrifices

Class 1 The Tabernacle is one of the greatest teaching aids for the atonement of Yahshua. It is a self-revealing plan of YHVH’s revelation to humankind. I’m going to take a back door kind of approach to this subject. Instead of taking you through the typology of the Tabernacle proper, I will initially address the… Read more »

Christians and Messianic Jews

Rom 2:25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision. Rom 2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision? Rom 2:27 And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature,… Read more »


The Hebrew/Aramaic word PARDES is spelled in Hebrew and Aramaic without vowels as PRDS. PaRDeS refers to a park or garden, esp. the Garden of Eden. The word appears three times in the Aramaic New Testament (Lk. 23:43; 2Cor. 12:4 & Rev. 2:7). The word PRDS is also an acronym (called in Judaism “notarikon”) for:… Read more »

Reflections on G-d, Time, and Predestination

The reality of the world is nowadays apprehended in terms of electromagnetic fields. But when I look at the world I do not see electromagnetic fields, nor do I perceive any diagrammatic representations of a mathematical formula. What I see is a table, chair, tree, and arm, which is to say that my organs of… Read more »

The Psychology of Religious Conversion

The modern study of conversion can be employed as a technical term, within specific limits. It also illustrates that every community develops its own definition of conversion. This contention is illustrated in the change of the definition of conversion from Paul to Luke. Paul, as well as other first century Jews, spoke of internal states… Read more »


Text: Genesis 6:1-8 This week’s Parsha concerns Noah, the first civilization, and society. From this Sidrah we can learn 6 facts: The world’s population ignored YHVH and became worldly and immoral and even the godly became immoral and worldly, ignoring YHVH, and rebelling against Him. YHVH was distraught and He warned mankind that He would… Read more »