The Feast Days
In Lev. 23:1 the word “feast” is pronounced “Mo’ ed.” It means “a set time” or “an appointed time.”
In Lev. 23: 2 the word “convocation” is pronounced “Mikrah” means “rehearsal”, or “recital.”
Showing us through the 7 feasts as a rehearsal, it becomes a divine blue print of the future. (remember, we don’t know the day or the hour, but we can know the season)!
Every thing G-d will do, He’s already done it in the past!
The future has been revealed through the past!
In theology, this is called a “type” or a “shadow”.
Let us look at some illustrations:
1. Comes through the same root word as Yahshua
1. Comes through the same root word as Joseph
2. Joseph is an object of special love by his father
2. Yahshua is an object of special love by His Father
3. Joseph sent by his father to his brothers with food.
3. Yahshua sent to the earth as living bread and living water.
4. Joseph was hated by his brethren
4. Yahshua was hated by his brethren
5. Joseph was rejected by his brothers.
5. Yahshua was rejected by His brethren.
6. Joseph sold by his brothers for the price of a slave.
4. Yahshua sold by Judas for 30 pieces of silver, the price of a slave.
5. Joseph falsely accused by Potiphar’s wife and sent to prison.
5. The Pharisees falsely accused Yahshua. He was crucified and buried behind the bars of death.
6. Joseph promoted from prison and put at the right hand of Pharaoh.
6. Yahshua has risen from the bars of death and ascended to the right hand of G-d.
7. Joseph had a coat of many colors.
7. Yahshua had a seamless robe that soldiers gambled for.
To know the future, you must know the master plan.
What G-d is going to do, He has already done.
Prophecy is totally revealed in the 7 Feast Days.
The Division of the Feast Days
The Spring Feasts
The Feast of Passover
The Feast of Unleavened Bread
The Feast of First Fruits
The Feast of the Harvest of Weeks (Shauvot)
The Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Ha Shana)
The Feast of the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukot)
Feast of Passover
Celebrated on 14 day of Abib (April Ex. 13:4) G-d chose this date (Exodus 12:1,2)
Lambs used in sacrifice
(1) In Genesis the lamb was slain for the individual (Gen 4:4).
(2) In Exodus the lamb was slain for the family (house), (Ex 12:3–4).
(3) In Leviticus the lamb was slain for the nation (Lev 16).
(4) In the New Testament the Lamb of G-d was slain for the sin of the world (Jn 1:29).
Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins (Heb 9:22).
Trivia: at the dedication of Solomon’s Temple 22,000 animals were sacrificed.
I. The paschal lamb was typical. Messiah is our Passover, 1 Co. 5:7.
It was to be a lamb; and Yahshua is the Lamb of G-d (Jn. 1:29), often in the Revelation called the Lamb, meek and innocent as a lamb, dumb before the shearer’s, before the butchers.
It was to be a male of the first year (v. 5), in its prime; Yahshua offered up himself in the midst of his days, not in infancy with the babes of Bethlehem. It denotes the strength and sufficiency of the Lord Yahshua, on whom our help was laid.
It was to be without blemish (v. 5), denoting the purity of the Lord Yahshua, a Lamb without spot, 1 Pt. 1:19. The judge that condemned him (as if his trial were only like the scrutiny that was made concerning the sacrifices, whether they were without blemish or no) pronounced him innocent.
It was to be set apart four days before (v. 3, 6), denoting the designation of the Lord Yahshua to be a Savior, both in the purpose and in the promise. It is very observable that as Messiah He was crucified at the Passover, so he solemnly entered into Jerusalem four days before, the very day that the paschal lamb was set apart.
It was to be slain, and roasted with fire (v. 6-9), denoting the exquisite sufferings of the Lord Yahshua, even unto death, the death of the cross. The wrath of G-d is as fire, and Yahshua was made a curse for us.
It was to be killed by the whole congregation between the two evenings, that is, between three o’clock and six. Messiah suffered in the end of the world (Heb. 9:26). Not a bone of it must be broken (v. 46), which is expressly said to be fulfilled in Messiah (Jn. 19:33, 36), denoting the unbroken strength of the Lord Yahshua.
It was not enough that the blood of the lamb was shed, but it must be sprinkled, denoting the application of the merits of Yahshua death to our souls; we must receive the atonement, Rom. 5:11.
It was to be sprinkled with a bunch of hyssop (v. 22) dipped in the basin. The everlasting covenant, like the basin, in the conservatory of this blood, the benefits and privileges purchased by it are laid up for us there; faith is the bunch of hyssop by which we apply the promises to ourselves and the benefits of the blood of Yahshua laid up in them.
It was to be sprinkled upon the door-posts, denoting the open profession we are to make of our trust in Yahshua’s faithfulness, and obedience to him, as those that are not ashamed to own our dependence upon him. The mark of the beast may be received on the forehead or in the right hand, but the seal of the Lamb is always in the forehead, Rev. 7:3. There is a back-way to hell, but no back-way to heaven; no, the only way to this is a high-way, Isa. 35:8.
It was to be sprinkled upon the lintel and the sideposts, but not upon the threshold (v. 7), which cautions us to take heed of trampling under foot the blood of the covenant, Heb. 10:29. It is precious blood, and must be precious to us.
The blood, thus sprinkled, was a means of the preservation of the Israelites from the destroying angel, who had nothing to do where the blood was. If the blood of Yahshua be sprinkled upon our consciences, it will be our protection from the wrath of G-d, and the damnation of hell, Rom. 8:1.
II. The solemnly eating of the lamb was typical of our duty toMessiah.
The paschal lamb was killed, not to be looked upon only, but to be fed upon; so we must by trust make Yahshua ours, as we do that which we eat, and we must receive spiritual strength and nourishment from him, as from our food, and have delight and satisfaction in him, as we have in eating and drinking when we are hungry or thirsty: see Jn. 6:53–55.
It was to be all eaten; those that by trust feed upon Yahshua must feed upon a whole Messiah; they must take Yahshua and his yoke, Yahshua and his cross, as well as Yahshua and his crown.
It was to be eaten immediately, not deferred till morning, v. 10. To-day Yahshua is offered, and is to be accepted while it is called to-day, before we sleep the sleep of death.
It was to be eaten with bitter herbs (v. 8), in remembrance of the bitterness of their bondage in Egypt. We must feed upon Yahshua with sorrow and brokenness of heart, in remembrance of sin; this will give an admirable relish to the paschal lamb. Messiah will be sweet to us if sin be bitter.
It was to be eaten in a departing posture (v. 11); when we feed upon Yahshua by trust we must absolutely forsake the rule and dominion of sin, shake off Pharaoh’s yoke; and we must sit loose to the world, and every thing in it, forsake all for Yahshua, and reckon it no bad bargain, Heb. 13:13, 14.
Feast of Unleavened Bread
On the night of the 15th (Lev. 23:6; Ex. 12:15)
Leaven in scripture represents sin!
Leaven to be removed from all houses and not allowed to eat under penalty of death!
Feast of First Fruits
On the first Sunday after the 15th (Lev. 23:10)
It represents the time period that Israel went down into the parted Red Sea till they came out alive.
It is a type. It represents the time that Yahshua was buried until He arose alive. (I Cor. 15:20,23)
< 50 day interval >
Israel traveled for 47 days from the Red Sea to Mt. Sinai.
G-d told Moses to purify yourselves for 3 days (Ex. 19:10,11).
47days plus 3 days equals 50 days.
On the 50th day they approached Mt. Sinai.
Shavuot or Pentecost
Tradition says Moses received the Ten Commandments this day.
Believers received the Holy Spirit this day.
Jewish tradition says G-d spoke with Moses in Hebrew and every other known language this day.
All known languages spoken in the upper room (Acts 2:5,6).
All the tribes waiting at the bottom of Mt. Sinai.
120 men were waiting for the (Ruach) Holy Spirit. According to Jewish tradition it is necessary to have ten men present for prayer. There were 12 tribes and ten men for each tribe present = 120 men present (Acts 1:15).
Great wind at Mt. Sinai.
Great wind present in the upper room (Acts 2:2).
Fire at Mt. Sinai (Ex. 19:18).
Fire of cloven hooves present in upper room (Acts 2:3).
Uses the words “Fully Come”
Acts uses the term “fully Come” (Acts 2:1)
Feast of Trumpets
A “type” of the rapture of the Ekklesia (Called out ones).
We don’t know when
We don’t know the hour (v.33)
It will be like the days of Noah
Noah didn’t know when the flood would come
Noah and the animals were in the ark with door shut knowing the flood was imminent.
Correlation of the wedding feast and the rapture of the Ekklesia
When a Jewish man went to the home of a potential bride, he took 3 things
1. Best dowry (financial offering) he could make (Isaac took 10 camels loaded down)
2. Betrothal contract
3. Skin of wine
If the father accepted, he took the money (the bride was bought with a price)
If the bride accepted, she drank the wine
A trumpet was sounded announcing the betrothed.
1. Lasted one year
2. Could not see each other alone
3. The bride kept herself in a constant state of readiness for groom’s return.
4. Groom returned home to the house of his father to add a room for his bride
5. Grooms father judged when the room was ready and when groom would return for bride.
6. If the groom was asked when he would get married, he could only reply, “no man knows except my father.”
7. When the groom’s father gave final approval, a second trumpet was sounded, called the “last trump” it signified the coming of the groom for his bride
When we celebrate Passover we renew our wedding vows with YHVH/Yahshua
We love only you
We are loyal only to you
We await your coming
We are listening for the second trumpet (the shofar) (we’re going home)
We are waiting for the wedding feast (not the tribulation)